Phoenix Business Journal: Manufacturing Month in Arizona – Looking Strong

Just-Published-PBJ-1October is not just the long awaited end of high temperatures in Arizona, it is also Manufacturing Month. As we start to have lunch outside again, it is a good time for those of us involved in making stuff to reflect on our recent successes and on what we can do to make things even better. Find some interesting statistics and suggestions on next steps in “Manufacturing Month in Arizona – Looking Strong

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Phoenix Business Journal: ​The Cloud, the other enabler for what is next

Just-Published-PBJ-1The Cloud, everyone talks about it but have you really taken the time to see where it fits in to physical product development, especially when dealing with the Internet of Things.  I take a look from PADT’s perspective in: “The Cloud, the other enabler for what is next

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Press Release: PADT Co-founder and Principal, Eric Miller, Elected to Arizona Technology Council Board of Directors

PADT-Press-Release-IconWe are pleased to announce that PADT’s contribution to the technology community was recognized with the election of one of the owners to the Arizona Technology Council Board of Directors.  Please read the press release below to learn more.

This honor will allow us to increase our involvement with the Arizona Technology Council and help where we can to add even more value to this great orginization.  If you have any questions about the AZTC or how you can get more involved in the state’s dynamic technology community, contact us or come to our open house this Thursday (10/27/2016), Nerdtoberfest.

Official copies of the press release can be found in HTML and PDF.

Press Release:

PADT Co-founder and Principal, Eric Miller, Elected to Arizona Technology Council Board of Directors

PADT Brings Innovative Ideas and Experience to Help the Council Fulfill Its Goals of Advancing Arizona’s Technology Sector

TEMPE, Ariz., October 26, 2016 – Phoenix Analysis and Design Technologies (PADT), the Southwest’s largest provider of numerical simulation, product development and 3D Printing services and products, today announced its Co-founder and Principal, Eric Miller, has been elected to serve on the Arizona Technology Council’s Board of Directors for a three-year term.

eric-twitterMiller brings more than 30 years of technology industry experience to the Council’s existing world-class board, represented by 39 Arizona companies. He will serve in an advisory and fiduciary role by representing the interests of the state’s technology industries in the Council’s strategic planning and on-going operations.

“As engineers, we are all about things being value-added, and the Council has proved to be one of the most value-added organizations that we have worked with in the state,” said Miller. “We look forward to contributing to their outstanding efforts in STEM education, pro-technology legislation, building networks in the community, and serving as the focal point for this growing and critical business sector.”

PADT is actively involved in Arizona’s technology community and is represented on the steering committee of Arizona Technology Investors. The company also serves on numerous boards including BioAccel’s Council of Advisors and the President’s STEM Advisory Board of Grand Canyon University.

“PADT is a leader in Arizona’s technology sector and has demonstrated a track record of serving and advocating for our technology community,” said Steven G. Zylstra, president and CEO of the Arizona Technology Council. “The key lessons they’ve learned and knowledge of what it takes to grow a successful business will be valuable in helping the Council achieve its goals.”

About Phoenix Analysis and Design Technologies
Phoenix Analysis and Design Technologies, Inc. (PADT) is an engineering product and services company that focuses on helping customers who develop physical products by providing Numerical Simulation, Product Development, and Rapid Prototyping solutions. PADT’s worldwide reputation for technical excellence and experienced staff is based on its proven record of building long term win-win partnerships with vendors and customers. Since its establishment in 1994, companies have relied on PADT because “We Make Innovation Work.” With over 80 employees, PADT services customers from its headquarters at the Arizona State University Research Park in Tempe, Arizona, and from offices in Torrance, California, Littleton, Colorado, Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Murray, Utah, as well as through staff members located around the country. More information on PADT can be found at

About the Arizona Technology Council
The Arizona Technology Council is Arizona’s premier trade association for science and technology companies. Recognized as having a diverse professional business community, Council members work towards furthering the advancement of technology in Arizona through leadership, education, legislation and social action. The Arizona Technology Council offers numerous events, educational forums and business conferences that bring together leaders, managers, employees and visionaries to make an impact on the technology industry. These interactions contribute to the Council’s culture of growing member businesses and transforming technology in Arizona. To become a member or to learn more about the Arizona Technology Council, please visit

Media Contact
Alec Robertson
TechTHiNQ on behalf of PADT
PADT Contact
Eric Miller
PADT, Inc.
Principal & Co-Owner


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AZ Big Media: How 3D Printing is Changing Manufacturing

azbusinessleaders-1Rey Chu, one of PADT’s owners and our head of Manufacturing Technologies, is featured in the 2017 issue of AZ Business Leaders with his article “How 3D Printing is Changing Manufacturing” It is a great overview of 3D printing and how it is impacting the way we make things.





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Machine & Fuel Efficiency – Industry Application

As it progresses, we here at PADT would like to share some examples of companies working within the five topics that this campaign focuses on (Advanced Electrification, Machine & Fuel Efficiency, Effective Lightweighting, Thermal Optimization, and Aerodynamic Design) in order to give you a better idea as to how they can be applied within the industry.

Machine & Fuel Efficiency – Volvo States Up to 50% Fuel Efficiency Gain Possible with Prototype Electric Hybrid Loader

During its Xploration Forum in Eskilstuna, Sweden last week, Volvo Construction Equipment gave customers, the international press, government representatives and academics an exclusive look at the prototype LX1 electric hybrid machine, which can deliver up to a 50% improvement in fuel efficiency.

Want to learn more? Click Here for more information on how ANSYS simulation software can benefit companies working in the field of Machine & Fuel Efficiency.

Join PADT in exploring the impact of breakthrough energy innovation as well as how ANSYS simulation solutions can be used to help combat the challenges that this area presents. Fill out the registration form to receive additional information on each topic, along with updates regarding the release of various webinars as the campaign progresses.

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ANSYS Breakthrough Energy Innovation Campaign – Machine & Fuel Efficiency

Information regarding the next topic in the Breakthrough Energy Innovation Campaign has been released, covering machine and fuel efficiency, and how ANSYS simulation software can be used to help solve a variety of issues related to this topic, as well as optimize the performance of all system components as they work together.

Additional content regarding machine and fuel efficiency can be viewed and downloaded here.

This is the second topic of a campaign that covers five main topics:

  1. Advanced Electrification 
  2. Machine & Fuel Efficiency
  3. Effective Lightweighting
  4. Thermal Optimization
  5. Aerodynamic Design

Information on each topic will be released over the course of the next few months as the webinars take place.

Sign Up Now to receive updates regarding the campaign, including additional information on each subject, registration forms to each webinar and more.

We here at PADT can not wait to share this content with you, and we hope to hear from you soon.

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Nerdtoberfest: Perfect Pitch Startup Competition and the Fight for The Unicorn Cup Heat Up


William and Mahatma guard The Unicorn Cup before the competition.

The teams are set, the judges have confirmed.  Details on the fake company has been shared. It is time to see how the professionals pitch a tech startup. The area’s best startup incubators and accelerators are facing off in this head to head competition to take home the awesome Unicorn Cup and bragging rights.

The teams are:

Thomas Schumann and Patti DuBois from CEI
Nate Mortenson from Tallwave
Wiley Larson from ASU
Lauren McDannel and John Johnson from Seed Spot

Our distinguished panel of judges consists of

Rebel Brown of Cognoscenti
Carine Dieudé of Altima Business Solutions
Jim Goulka of ATI
Christie Kerner of ASU
David McCaleb of ATI

Perfect Pitch is a contest where teams present the same fictitious technology startup company.  A group of expert judges will determine who gave the best pitch. The event is part of PADT’s Nerdtoberfest celebration of engineering and manufacturing in Arizona, and takes place from 4:30-6:00 on Thursday, October 27th at our Tempe offices.

Everyone is invited! We will have an overflow area set up if we get more than can fit in our seminar room where you can watch live.  We will also be streaming the event live to the world (watch this blog and social media for the link).

barqk-logo-200-1If seeing the best of the best pitch is not enough, here is some info about our fictitious Company: barqk!

At barqk!,  we deploy the latest cloud based machine learning and big data algorithms to convert your dog’s barking into words on your mobile device so that you can understand your pet’s needs, if they are sick, and be made aware of danger.

Dog owners face significant problems communicating with their pets. Although you can train a dog to obey commands, the dog cannot tell it’s owners what it needs or wants. This leads to significant stress for the owner and may lead to death when the animal cannot communicate an obvious and present danger.

Barqk! has created a cloud connected wearable device for dogs that records their barking and uses machine learning and big data algorithms to convert dog-speak into human-speak. The translated words are sent via text or through our app to the owner’s phone. Initially the owners provide feedback to the network, and the responses of all owners to every dog’s bark are collected as big data then fed through our proprietary algorithms that use Bessel functions and advanced machine learning approximations to develop a consensus on what a given bark means. Over time a translation for each dog will be developed and we expect 87% accuracy.


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Students 3D Print and Assemble Prosthetic Hands for School Project

hand1What do you get when you combine a motivated student leader, enthusiastic classmates, a worldwide online community, and the latest 3D Printing technology from Stratasys? You give children around the world a cool way to hold things again.  That is what happened when high school student Rahul Jayaraman of Basis Chandler decided to take part in a project called Enabling The Future. They describe themselves as “A global network of passionate volunteers using 3D Printing to give the world a ‘helping hand'” by designing a wide variety of prosthetic hands for kids that can be printed and assembled by volunteers.

Local news station, KSAZ FOX 10 Phoenix stopped by PADT while we were printing three hands in our Stratasys FORTUS 450 to interview Rahul and talk to us about the project.  It gives a great summary:

And Channel 3, KTVK, came to the assembly event at Basis Chandler:> 3TV | Phoenix Breaking News, Weather, Sport


As did Channel 12, KPNX:

3D Printing is a fantastic technology for one simple reason, it enables almost anyone to manufacture parts. All you need is a good design. And that is where the people at Enabling the Future come in.  Check out their website to see some great examples of how their volunteer work changes so many lives. Have a box of tissue handy if you watch the videos…

This is how the project works.  A leader like Rahul takes the initiative to sign up for the project. He then chooses which of the many designs he wants to make.  For this first go around, he picked a general design from Thingiverse called the Raptor Reloaded.  Next they needed the hardware you could not 3D Print – screws springs, velcro, and bits and pieces that hold the design together.  For this they needed to raise $25 per hand so Rahul was given the opportunity to learn how to raise money, a very useful skill.

hand2PADT’s Dhruv Bhate and the rest of our 3D Printing team worked with Rahul to get the design just right and then 3D Print the hands.  That will be done this week and this weekend the next phase will take place. Rahul and a large number of his classmates from Basis Chandler will get together at the school this weekend to put thirty or so hands together.  They will then box them up and another volunteer group,, will ship them to kids in the developing world that need them.

Here is a video from Tom Fergus from Fox10 showing a closeup of the hand in action:

We at PADT love projects like this because it is win-win-win.  The students get a chance to run a complicated project by themselves, learning the skills they will need later in life to organize, manage, and finish a project. PADT wins because we can contribute to our chosen area of charity, STEM education, in a way that benefits others beyond a given school. And the big winners are the kids around the world that receive a new and cool way to grab hold of life.

We will have sample hands at our open house next Thursday: Nerdtoberfest as well as an update when we get feedback from the distribution of the hands.

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Nerdtoberfest: Printing a Beer Stein with Beer Filament

Noticed an interesting email in my inbox the other day with the subject line:

“Oktoberfest Time: 3D Print a Beer Stein in Beer Filament”

Marketing gold, you have my attention!

After reading the reviews from the filament manufacturer, I dove in and got some of the hoppy, malty filament on order from 3D Fuel. I was very excited when it came in and couldn’t wait to print PADT’s own beer stein for our upcoming Nerdtoberfest event. Meanwhile I found a nice stating point with a file from GrabCad and added my own additions and alterations.


I quickly went to load the beer filament into one of our 3D printers, when I noticed that the roll size was not compatible with the spool holder on the printer. It was this disconnect that would have previously stopped this experiment in it’s track, however, the future is NOW!

I popped onto the Thingiverse, and alas, I was not alone in having this issue and a plethora of solution were populated before me. I was about to 3D print and adapter to allow my 3D printer to accept a new roll size that was found to be incompatible just moments before. Disaster averted, I was now cooking with gas, er, beer.



The printing process was uneventful and the beer filament printed well. We now have a beer mug printed out of beer filament for PADT’s annual Nerdtoberfest!





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Modeling 3D Printed Cellular Structures: Challenges

In this post, I discuss six challenges that make the modeling of 3D printed cellular structures (such as honeycombs and lattices) a non-trivial matter. In a following post, I will present how some of these problems have been addressed with different approaches.

At the outset, I need to clarify that by modeling I mean the analytical representation of material behavior, primarily for use in predictive analysis (simulation). Here are some reasons why this is a challenging endeavor for 3D printed cellular solids – some of these reasons are unique to 3D printing, others are a result of aspects that are specific to cellular solids, independent of how they are manufactured. I show examples with honeycombs since that is the majority of the work we have data for, but I expect that these ideas apply to foams and lattices as well, just with varying degrees of sensitivity.

1. Complex Geometry with Non-Uniform Local Conditions

I state the most well-appreciated challenge with cellular structures first: they are NOT fully-dense solid materials that have relatively predictable responses governed by straightforward analytical expressions. Consider a dogbone-shaped specimen of solid material under tension: it’s stress-strain response can be described fairly well using continuum expressions that do not account for geometrical features beyond the size of the dogbone (area and length for stress and strain computations respectively). However, as shown in Figure 1, such is not the case for cellular structures, where local stress and strain distributions are non-uniform. Further, they may have variable distributions of bending, stretching and shear in the connecting members that constitute the structure. So the first question becomes: how does one represent such complex geometry – both analytically and numerically?


Fig 1. Honeycomb structure under compression showing non-uniform local elastic strains [Le & Bhate, under preparation]

2. Size Effects

A size effect is said to be significant when an observed behavior varies as a function of the size of the sample whose response is being characterized even after normalization (dividing force by area to get stress, for example). Here I limit myself to size effects that are purely a mathematical artifact of the cellular geometry itself, independent of the manufacturing process used to make them – in other words this effect would persist even if the material in the cellular structure was a mathematically precise, homogeneous and isotropic material.

It is common in the field of cellular structure modeling to extract an “effective” property – a property that represents a homogenized behavior without explicitly modeling the cellular detail. This is an elegant concept but introduces some practical challenges in implementation – inherent in the assumption is that this property, modulus for example, is equivalent to a continuum property valid at every material point. The reality is the extraction of this property is strongly dependent on the number of cells involved in the experimental characterization process. Consider experimental work done by us at PADT, and shown in Figure 2 below, where we varied both the number of axial and longitudinal cells (see inset for definition) when testing hexagonal honeycomb samples made of ULTEM-9085 with FDM. The predicted effective modulus increases with increasing number of cells in the axial direction, but reduces (at a lower rate) for increasing number of cells in the longitudinal direction.

This is a significant challenge and deserves a full form post to do justice (and is forthcoming), but the key to remember is that testing a particular cellular structure does not suffice in the extraction of effective properties. So the second question here becomes: what is the correct specimen design for characterizing cellular properties?


Fig 2. Effective modulus under compression showing a strong dependence on the number of cells in the structure [Le & Bhate, under preparation]

3. Contact Effects

In the compression test shown in the inset in Figure 2, there is physical contact between the platen and the specimen that creates a local effect at the top and bottom that is different from the experience of the cells closer the center. This is tied to the size effect discussed above – if you have large enough cells in the axial direction, the contribution of this effect should reduce – but I have called it out as a separate effect here for two reasons: Firstly, it raises the question of how best to design the interface for the specimen: should the top and bottom cells terminate in a flat plate, or should the cells extend to the surface of contact (the latter is the case in the above image). Secondly, it raises the question of how best to model the interface, especially if one is seeking to match simulation results to experimentally observed behavior. Both these ideas are shown in Figure 3 below. This also has implications for product design – how do we characterize and model the lattice-skin interface? As such, independent of addressing size effects, there is a need to account for contact behavior in characterization, modeling and analysis.


Fig 3. Two (of many possible) contact conditions for cellular structure compression – both in terms of specimen design as well as in terms of the nature of contact specified in the simulation (frictionless vs frictional, for example)

4. Macrostructure Effects

Another consideration related to specimen design is demonstrated in an exaggerated manner in the slowed down video below, showing a specimen flying off the platens under compression – the point being that for certain dimensions of the specimen being characterized (typically very tall aspect ratios), deformation in the macrostructure can influence what is perceived as cellular behavior. In the video below, there is some induced bending on a macro-level.

5. Dimensional Errors

While all manufacturing processes introduce some error in dimensional tolerances, the error can have a very significant effect for cellular structures – a typical industrial 3D printing process has tolerances within 75 microns (0.003″) – cellular structures (micro-lattices in particular) very often are 250-750 microns in thickness, meaning the tolerances on dimensional error can be in the 10% and higher error range for thickness of these members. This was our finding when working with Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), where on a 0.006″ thick wall we saw about a 10% larger true measurement when we scanned the samples optically, as shown in Figure 4. Such large errors in thickness can yield a significant error in measured behavior such as elastic modulus, which often goes by some power to the thickness, amplifying the error. This drives the need for some independent measurement of the manufactured cellular structure – made challenging itself by the need to penetrate the structure for internal measurements. X-ray scanning is a popular, if expensive approach. But the modeler than has the challenge of devising an average thickness for analytical calculations and furthermore, the challenge of representation of geometry in simulation software for efficient analysis.

Fig 4. (Clockwise from top left): FDM ULTEM 9085 honeycomb sample, optical scan image, 12-sample data showing a mean of 0.064″ against a designed value of 0.060″ – a 7% error in thickness

6. Mesostructural Effects

The layerwise nature of Additive Manufacturing introduces a set of challenges that are somewhat unique to 3D Printed parts. Chief among these is the resulting sensitivity to orientation, as shown for the laser-based powder bed fusion process in Figure 5 with standard materials and parameter sets. Overhang surfaces (unsupported) tend to have down-facing surfaces with different morphology compared to up-facing ones. In the context of cellular structures, this is likely to result in different thickness effects depending on direction measured.

Fig 5. 3D Printed Stainless Steel Honeycomb structures showing orientation dependent morphology [PADT, 2016]

For the FDM process, in addition to orientation, the toolpaths that effectively determine the internal meso-structure of the part (discussed in a previous blog post in greater detail) have a very strong influence on observed stiffness behavior, as shown in Figure 6. Thus orientation and process parameters are variables that need to be comprehended in the modeling of cellular structures – or set as constants for the range of applicability of the model parameters that are derived from a certain set of process conditions.


Fig 6. Effects of different toolpath selections in Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) for honeycomb structure tensile testing  [Bhate et al., RAPID 2016]


Modeling cellular structures has the above mentioned challenges – most have practical implications in determining what is the correct specimen design – it is our mission over the next 18 months to address some of these challenges to a satisfactory level through an America Makes grant we have been awarded. While these ideas have been explored in other manufacturing contexts,  much remains to be done for the AM community, where cellular structures have a singular potential in application.

In future posts, I will discuss some of these challenges in detail and also discuss different approaches to modeling 3D printed cellular structures – they do not always address all the challenges here satisfactorily but each has its pros and cons. Until then, feel free to send us an email at citing this blog post, or connect with me on LinkedIn so you get notified whenever I write a post on this, or similar subjects in Additive Manufacturing (1-2 times/month).

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See how the Experts Pitch a Startup Company – And Win the Unicorn Cup


What if a group of tech startup experts all pitched the same company, the goal being to show the best way to do a pitch? That is what PADT’s Pitch Perfect is about.   We are asking some of Arizona’s most talented investors, entrepreneurs, and mentors to volunteert where they can show the right way to pitch a technology startup. And the best presenters will receive the incredible “Unicorn Cup” award – a fine work of craftsmanship handcrafted in a foreign land.

This event is part of our Nerdtoberfest celebration on October 27th, 2016 and will be from 4:30-6:00, right before our open house. So far CEI has stepped up as a competitor, and we are looking for 3 more experienced people to take the challenge.

shutterstock_startups1We will have four teams have 10 minutes each to present the company, followed by 5 minutes of questions from the judges.  Each company gets the same Angel Funding application for the company: Barqk! – Let your dog speak.

Anyone can attend and we will be streaming the presentations live.  Just register for our Nerdtoberfest,, if you would like to attend.

We are still looking for Judges and presenters, so email Eric Miller ( if you are interested in volunteering for either.




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Phoenix Business Journal: The Cloud, the other enabler for what is next

Just-Published-PBJ-1If you work in tech you probably hear the phrase “The Cloud” almost every day. It is a useful buzzword because it shortly and concisely creates an image that represents a critical enabler for much of the breakthrough and disruptive technology that is headed our way. In “The Cloud, the other enabler for what is next” I take a look at what is going on and how it is impacting technology across the board.

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Advanced Electrification – Industry Application

As it progresses, we here at PADT would like to share some examples of companies working within the five topics that this campaign focuses on (Advanced Electrification, Machine & Fuel Efficiency, Effective Lightweighting, Thermal Optimization, and Aerodynamic Design) in order to give you a better idea as to how they can be applied within the industry.

Advanced Electrification – Additional components of vehicle electrification

Manufacturers of electric vehicles are finding additional ways to reduce electric loads by any means necessary, often in ways you wouldn’t think of at first.

Engineers on the eBooster® team in Kirchheimbolanden, Germany (Image credit: BorgWarner)

Want to learn more? Click Here for more information on how ANSYS simulation software can benefit companies working in the field of Advanced Electrification.

Join PADT in exploring the impact of breakthrough energy innovation as well as how ANSYS simulation solutions can be used to help combat the challenges that this area presents. Fill out the registration form to receive additional information on each topic, along with updates regarding the release of various webinars as the campaign progresses.

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Invitation: Annual Open House is Coming – Nerdtoberfest

nerdtoberfest-logo-1d-400wThe best party in town for engineering and manufacturing is PADT’s annual open house, and this year we are making it better with Nerdtoberfest.  We are inviting more partners and customers to join us to celebrate all that the state has to offer for those of us who make our living making things. Take a tour, meet new people, learn about what is new. Just join us! We expect between 200 and 300 people.

Read on to learn more or register here.

The Basic Details

  • When:
    • October 27th, 2016
    • Metal 3D Printing Seminar: 3:00 – 4:00 pm
    • Perfect Pitch Competition – Watch some of the best tech startup mentors in town show how to pitch a company, and win the “Unicorn Cup”: 4:30 – 6:00 pm
    • Open House: 6:00 – 9:00 pm
  • Where:
    • 7755 S Research Dr, Suite 110, Tempe, AZ 85284
  • What:
    • Come see PADT’s new metal 3D Printer – it is very cool
    • Attend a special pitch event where the valley’s best startup mentors pitch the same company to a group of judges
    • Marvel at the latest structural, fluid, and electromagnetic simulation software
    • See our lab and manufacturing areas
    • There will be beer, there will be pizza. We will have water and soda as well.
    • Stand in awe as you gaze upon our 1000+ core compute cluster
    • Meet the who’s who of Arizona technology people
  • Who:
    • Engineers, manufacturers, makers, teachers, innovators, inventors, suppliers
    • Those who are interested in and of the above or just like being around smart people
    • Our Sponsors include: the Center for Entrepreneurial Innovation (CEI), Arizona Technology Council, RevAZ, Arizona Commerce Authority, Mesa Community College and AzAMI, and the Greater Phoenix Economic Council (GPEC)

Enough info? Register here or keep reading.

What’s Going On?

If you have never been to one of our open houses before, they are simply a gathering of the local tech community to learn more about how things are designed and made. We have stations set up that show the software and hardware we use to improve product development. A big draw is our extensive 3D Printing capabilities as well as our leading edge virtual testing software.  It is a great way to expose your family, friends, kids, and coworkers to what engineering and manufacturing are all about.

Something new, a Pre Show

Before the open house we will have a talk on metal 3D Printing from 3 to 4 pm. Dr. Dhruv Bhate will go over how metal 3D Printing works, talk about why it is such a breakthrough, and share some examples of how to use it effectively.

Then we have a new event from 4:30-6:00: Watch the Experts in our “Perfect Pitch” event. We have asked some of the area’s best mentors to startups to come and pitch the same company. See how a pitch should be done and share more than a few laughs along the way.

Meet others who make stuff

The best part of this event is getting to meet other people who work in engineering and manufacturing.  You can go to events all year, but they tend to be focused on an industry, startups, or a certain part of the state. Everyone comes to PADT’s open houses and it is a great chance to meet and share ideas.

So, just come.  It is fun and we promise two things:  You will learn something and you will meet someone new.  Bring the family, bring your neighbors.

Let’s celebrate what we do!

Register at so we know how much beer, water, soda, and pizza to get.


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Phoenix Business Journal: ​Are we going too far to achieve maximum productivity?

Just-Published-PBJ-1You can have too much of a good thing.  If we step back and look at what technology businesses are doing today to push productivity to extremes, it may be time to ask “Are we going too far to achieve maximum productivity?

My thought is that we have in two areas  – we have stretched employees to the breaking point and we don’t set aside time for innovation.  In this blog post I share why this hurts productivity in the long run and what we can do about it.

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